Hunter-gatherers would have used tools for a range of things, including:
- tearing meat from hides,
- grinding food,
- cutting down trees,
- smoothing/polishing and
- doing leatherwork to make clothes and shoes.
To make a spear in Palaeolithic times (or the early stone age) a wooden shaft (like a pole) was sharpened at one end. In the Mesolithic period (or the middle stone age) people began to add tips made of flint or animal bone.
These tips were stuck on to the wooden shafts with beeswax and strong resin from pine trees, then tied on tightly using string made from dried nettles.
Tendons from hunted animals and string made from nettles could be made into strong rope and were also perfect for use as the string in a bow.
Deer antler used as tool
String made from dried nettles
Spearheads made from bone and flint
Atlatl spear thrower