There are 14 known species of Tree Kangaroo, the latest was discovered in 1990. Habitat loss through deforestation and poaching are pushing this species to the brink of extinction.
The largest member of the Kingfisher family. However, unlike their relative they don't eat fish. Instead, they use their beaks to catch snakes, lizards, birds, mice and insects.
A nocturnal mammal, spending the nights gliding between trees and climbing in search of tree sap, nectar, pollen and invertebrates.
The Korowai tribes build shelters well above flood-water levels. They were unaware of the existence of any people besides themselves before outsiders made contact with them in 1970.
This amphibian is nicknamed the 'Banana Frog' as it is known to occasionally hitch a ride on banana bunches and end up in Australian fruit shops!
Flightless Cassowaries are the second heaviest birds on earth and have a 'casque' that protects their face from thorns and branches.